African penguin

African penguin




The African sphenisciform seabird (Spheniscus demersus) could be a medium-sized sphenisciform seabird, and therefore the solely sphenisciform seabird species breeding on the African continent  Like all penguins, the African sphenisciform seabird contains a sturdy, compact body, and this species is black on the rear and white below, with variable black markings on the breast and belly  Juvenile African penguins are slate blue on the side, step by step turning darker and developing the adult black-and-white facial pattern within the second or third year. Penguins have tiny muscles at the bottom of every feather that modify the feathers to be control tightly against the body while in water, forming a water-resistant layer; instead, ashore the feathers are control erect, tack associate degree insulating layer of air round the body  The African sphenisciform seabird is additionally called the ‘jackass penguin’ thanks to its loud, braying decision 

African penguin


Also called
    black-footed sphenisciform seabird, penguin
French
    Manchot du Cap
Spanish
    Pingüino del Cabo
Size
    Length: sixty - seventy cm


African penguins ar colonial breeders, with pairs returning to an equivalent web site year when year. Unusually, there's no mounted breeding season, though nesting peaks in African country between November and December and in African nation between March and should. Nests ar placed in burrows or depressions underneath boulders and bushes, wherever they'll receive some protection from the possibly harsh temperatures The clutch size of the African sphenisciform seabird is sometimes , and each adults take it in turns to incubate the eggs for a amount of regarding forty days; penguins have a vacant patch of skin on the lower abdomen (known because the ‘brood patch’) that permits bigger transfer of warmth to the eggs. Following hatching, the adults can still guard the chicks till they're regarding thirty days recent, regurgitating food straight from their abdomen following forage visits. Chicks ar then left alone in crèches while the adults forage; at between sixty and one hundred thirty days recent they develop juvenile body covering and leave the colony


African penguin


The African sphenisciform seabird feeds on fish like anchovies (Engraulis capensis) and sardines (Sardinops sagax). tailored for its aquatic manner, the African sphenisciform seabird will reach speeds of twenty kilometers per hour within the water and travel from thirty to seventy kilometers in a very single trip; average dives last for two.5 minutes, reaching depths of sixty meters. Penguins have waterproof coats that require to be perpetually maintained by preening, once a waxy substance is distributed from the bottom of the tail. Even with these measures, the body covering is replaced yearly, and African penguins return toward land to moult over twenty days between November and Jan in African nation and between Gregorian calendar month and should in African country