Caspian tiger



                  Kingdom: Animals
Division: Chordata
Sect: Mammals
Rank: carnivores
Family: cats
Gender: Tiger
Breed: Caspian
Type: tiger
Scientific name:
Panthera tigris virgata

Caspian tiger or Persian tiger is a tiger breeds and which was the most prevalent strains toward the West, where he was deployed in Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan, Turkey, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Caucasus, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan Turkistan to be extinct in the late fifties of the twentieth century as it appears, but there is some kind of observations indicating that this animal is still living in some remote areas. Other names for these animals "metastatic Tiger" who was known to the peoples Agazzaq due to customs in tracking flocks of migratory Tridha.

Studies have shown recently in Port residue, that this strain of a common history with the Siberian breed Siberian tiger which they and other words share percentages, where it appears that the Caspian tiger settled in Central Asia about 10,000 years ago and then took to move eastward to North Asia which evolved into the Siberian strain.

The tigers Caspian one of the varieties of monsters that Romans were attending to the Roman amphitheater to fight and other varieties of animals, also, and they are more breeds known to the ancient civilizations of the East, and perhaps this was another reason contributed to the decline in numbers since time immemorial - any presence in desirable areas of human settlement - until recently extinct.

Some say the scientists that did not make any effort little to maintain this strain, but perhaps that attempts to breeding in captivity has narrowly Since there are two at least for a paper Ghzvini in the Berlin Zoo, and in addition to that it was Prince Afghan "Ayub Khan" has puppy paper Ghzvini, and who received it as a gift from the Emir of Roma the Gissar Massoud Persian grandson of Nasir al-Din Shah, and this puppy can be seen in a picture taken at the home of Prince Ayub Khan in Tehran. After that crowned prince king of Afghanistan, not the state or any of the associations of trying to maintain this strain, and thus took a number of these tigers decreasing slowly that there is no longer any of them in captivity, and then played several factors role in the disappearance of strain, including that her home had become dramatically, as have been used extensively by humans for agriculture and logging, in addition to the disappearance of large prey that were these animals depend on them in their diet.


Description


Caspian tiger was the third largest breeds Siberian tigers after the strain and strain Bengali, where he was a long chunky body with strong lists and splayed paws and claws unusually large for a platoon tigers. And belonged to this tiger ears short and small to give the viewer to look suggests that they rendered the hair on the parties, as and was fur very long and thick along the body, and particularly when the cheeks, As for the color has corresponded color tiger Bengal has shown a skin samples from British Museum a reddish golden color to the yolk along the back and sides. And the color of the two sides Fade back as color patterns differed font colors from pale brown to dark, while the color of the chest and abdomen white with yellow lines as flip chart structure on the front lines and patches of blood and clear white color around the eyes and cheeks.

And the menus yellow on the outside and white on the inner section while the tail is yellow and outline stripes white strike to the yolk, and in winter the coat tiger Caspian grow into a very long time to the extent that these animals was growing up to have a mane huge stomach and other short the back of the neck. Males were very huge Caspian tiger where they weigh between 169 and 240 kilograms, while females were smaller where she was weighing up to between 85 and 135 kilograms.


And reproduction habits

Were considered tigers Caspian animals isolationist most times of the year where they do not mingle with the other tigers only in the mating that they get at any time of the year, but the peak was located during the winter or spring and stretch for twenty or thirty days, and if mating female during this period, they were re-capricious session at a later time. Extended gestation period of the female about 100 days and then they give birth Groan or three by the blind do not open their eyes only ten days after her birth, and the mother was like all females other breeds you breed puppies alone and Tredaha for eight weeks and she graduated from Al Areen before reached the second week. And puppies remain dependent on her mother even reached the eleventh week of any fishing when you can own, and the females Caspian tiger does not carry only every 3 or 4 years like the rest of breeds any period in which they become independent of the puppies and mother. The Caspian tiger long life spans between ten and fifteen years.

Caspian tiger in the Roman arenas

This strain was of tigers strain most common in the Roman Amajaldh rinks as it was the closest home to the Roman Empire where she was inhabiting the eastern border in the Caucasus and Mesopotamia, Persia, and thus were easier strain can be captured as the rest of the strains were present in the citizen far. He was the first paper to reach Rome, a gift from the Indian ambassador to the Emperor Augustus in 19 BC. M. Romans used these tigers to fight and multiple varieties of animals such as the European lion, Barbary lion and cheaper, and more.

Republic of Caspian tigers started showing a decline since the mid-nineteenth century, when few in Port killed at the site 180 kilometers away from of the Otbassar region of Kazakhstan and near Barnaul in Russia, and since then took the Caspian tigers slowly decreasing in many countries, killing another paper Ghzvini in Iraq near Mosul in 1887 and was followed in 1899 tiger Caspian latter in China near the mouth of the River Lop Nur By the twenties of the twentieth century was a tiger Caspian has disappeared entirely from the area of ​​the mouth of the Tarim River in China, and in the 1922 killing of another paper in the Caucasus near Tbilisi in Georgia after being baited one of domesticated livestock, and returns the last report on View-kind for Caspian paper near Lake cash payments in China to the year 1948.

The Russian government during the early twentieth century when doing a project to reclaim land to make a major effort to eliminate the tigers Caspian where considered that their presence is impeding the implementation of the project and therefore issued orders for the Russian army to kill all tigers inhabiting the area around the Caspian Sea, has implemented this successfully. The extermination of tigers had been completed so the farmers moved to the area and had to deforestation and planting crops in lieu thereof, such as rice and cotton, has resulted in this reclamation addition to logging and fishing operations to the Caspian tiger retreated from the fertile lowlands to highlands forest and then to land marshes and some large river basins and finally to the mountains that were considered extinct almost certainly. And was Tegrofalla area Balka is the last location in the former Soviet Union that the Caspian tiger has continued reports about the kind views of this animal in that area with flowers until the mid-fifties, but the credibility is questionable about them.

And some reports indicate that last paper Ghzvini in Iran, was killed in the north of the country or in Golestan National Park during the year 1959 and this is the last authentic Caspian tigers from the area, but some of the other reports that last Caspian tigers in China killed near Manas River Basin in the mountains of Tian Chan during the sixties of the twentieth century. There have been reported on one of Views kind uncertain area of ​​Nukus, where branches bottom of the river Amu Darya, near the Aral Sea in 1968, and received other reports of the disappearance of these animals entirely from the border area Turkmen Uzbek Afghan During the early seventies as allegedly been documented Hunt one of these tigers in Turkey in 1970, so that a report stating that the last paper Ghzvini killed in northern Afghanistan in 1997.

Is to say that the Caspian tiger extinct during the late fifties of the twentieth century is arguably the closest to health but there is no evidence to support it, and it seems that this claim take true after it said its author. Ziyi in his book "Guide to Mammals of Iran." However, the authors of another is a. Fairouz appears in the book, "Guide to Animals Iran, 1999" that the Caspian tiger extinct in the previous period for those said by the first author, where he says that the last of those animals killed in the eastern province of Mazandaran in northern Iran in 1947 near a village. The bottom line is that we can say that the history of the extinction of these tigers is uncertain and no one knows precisely.


Views kind and uncertainties surrounding the extinction strain

The information was taken below of the report consists of 29 pages of the European Council on "classification, maintenance, and maintaining the major predators in Turkey, Strasbourg - France - 2004."

"The villagers were aware of the existence of Turks Caspian tiger in the country at the beginning of the twentieth century (the Turkish Official Gazette, 1937), however, and after the announcement of the extinction of strain in the fifties did not believe zoologists around the world that the habitat of these animals still includes eastern Turkey (Dr. George Schaller, Ankara - Turkey - private communications - 2003), but it is in fact this strain continued to co-exist until the seventies when he showed some of the studies carried out by Paul Joslin that there is no longer the effects of any paper Ghzvini in Iran, and therefore concluded that it has extermination of all individuals. not sure global cat experts from a Caspian tiger in Turkey only in 1970 when paper was killed in Hakkari province, and after three years a botanists visited the area where he saw and photos with a tiger skin and then published the story. "

The Turkish and scientists to reach some of the information about the existence of Caspian tiger while doing a field study.

"Study was conducted to determine the varieties of large mammals and their distribution in the region within the framework of a research program Global Foundation for Wildlife to determine the biodiversity of the Southeast Anatolia (he and Liz 2004), has been developed form and distributed to the 450 center militarily as a first step to gather information on large mammals in southeast Turkey, and contained form to questions regarding the existence of varieties of large mammals and the right of both forms poster of the Turkish society to preserve the environment (which became the branch Turkish Foundation World Wildlife later). has a number of military mobilization forms with the help of the population local and then was re-428 form to the Foundation, The questionnaires also included questions about the historical spread of Port in the area and then use the results of this research to determine which areas will be the focus of the field study.

And showed the forms that some military personnel had heard rumors of a Snoraat large in the region, and through some interviews with villagers team mammals collects various rumors about the existence of these animals also listened to the words of some locals about hearing the roar comes from several locations, and in addition to it has claimed the existence of trade local skin tigers in the area where he was killed three or five Port each year to sell its skin for  wealthy in Iraq and during the mid-eighties, and this confirms the view of some researchers who said that between Bera one and eight Port are killed annually in the east of the country . Given these statements to the effect that nearly eight fishing Port annually was order the mid-eighties, it can be said that the tiger, who was killed in the province of Hakkari was young as shown by patterns of lines. And likely after this that the Caspian tiger continued presence in eastern Turkey until the early nineties and did not know this earlier due to lack of interest in the matter and for multiple security reasons prevented researchers from conducting studies in eastern Anatolia. "

Scientists believe that these observations and statements stories do not prove definitely that the tiger Caspian has continued to exist until recently in Turkey, and so they think they should look to this issue audited the largest and identified in 2006 as the date for the commencement of this search, but no one has it.

Views kind

Still reports that  kind of paper Caspian throughout the media, has appeared many of them from Afghanistan and the effect adjusts signs of scratches on the trees as were some other reports from other sites, such as Turkestan, but all these allegations lacked conclusive evidence to support it. As some people suggest that the animal that many people watched perhaps the Persian tiger instead of a tiger, and in any case, the chances of survival for Caspian tiger in Afghanistan reduced or zero, after the outbreak of many wars and conflicts in that country.

The signs of scratches and Views in kind, and even attacks on humans and animals evidence is insufficient consideration of experts unless paired with images, and therefore there is no sufficient evidence to say that the tiger Caspian is still alive today, and it seems that this issue will not be resolved until after the Closing to consider the reports of Turkish at the end of the first decade of the twenty-first century.     

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