Oceanic whitetip shark




Cuban naturalist Felipe Poey originally delineate the oceanic whitetip shark as genus Squalus longimanus in 1861, followed by a reputation amendment to Pterolamiops longimanus so to the presently valid name of genus Carcharhinus longimanus. The genus name genus Carcharhinus springs from the Greek "karcharos" = sharpen and "rhinos" = nose. The species name longimanus is translated as long fingers for the characteristic long paddle-like pectoral fins. Synonyms accustomed ask this species in past scientific literature embody Carcharius obtusus Garman 1881, Carcharius insularum Snyder 1904, Pterolamiops magnipinnis Smith 1958, and Pterolamiops budkeri Fourmanoir 1961.

Common Names

English language common names embody oceanic whitetip shark, Brown Milbert's sand bar shark, brown shark, nigano shark, shark, whitetip, whitetip shark, white-tip shark, and whitetip whaler. alternative common names embody apoapo (Samoan), cazón (Spanish), galano (Spanish), galha branca (Portuguese), Hochsee-Weißspitzenhai (German), ikan yu (Malay), köpek baligi (Turkish), marracho (Portuguese), marracho oceánico (Portuguese), marracho-de-pontas-brancas (Portuguese), oceanische witpunthaai (Dutch), opesee-wittiphaai (Afrikaans), parata (Tahitian), pating (Tagalog), rameur (French), requin à aerofoil blanc (French), requin blanc (French), requin canal (French), squala alalunga (Italian), tiburon oceanico (Spanish), valkopilkkahai (Finnish), weißspitzenhai (German), yeshalifes (Carolinian), yogore (Japanese), and zarlacz bialopletwy (Polish).

Geographical Distribution

The oceanic whitetip shark is distributed worldwide in epipelagic tropical and semitropic waters between 20°North and 20°South latitude. Its vary includes Pine Tree State, U.S. south to Argentina within the western ocean and from European nation to the Gulf of Guinea and probably within the Mediterranean within the jap Atlantic. within the Indo-Pacific this species is found within the sea and geographic region to Hawaii, Samoa, island and therefore the Tuamoto Islands and within the jap Pacific it ranges from southern California, U.S. south to Republic of Peru, as well as the Galapagos Islands. it's thought-about a extremely migratory species by Annex I of the 1982 Convention on the Law of the ocean

Habitat

This shark is sometimes discovered well offshore in trouble areas (0-500 feet (0-152 m)) though from time to time it's been according in shallower waters close to land, typically close to oceanic islands. Longline capture information within the Pacific Ocean shows that abundance of this shark will increase in conjunction with distance from land. it's one amongst the highest 3 most plentiful oceanic sharks, that additionally embody the Prionace glauca (Prionace glauca) and therefore the silklike shark (Carcharhinus falciformis). The oceanic whitetip shark is extremely plentiful throughout its vary which incorporates water with temperatures area unit higher than 70°F (21°C). though this shark is primarily solitary, it's been discovered in "feeding frenzies" once a food supply is gift. it's a slow swimmer with equal amounts of activity throughout the day and nighttime hours. Reports have delineate swimming behavior in open waters at or close to the surface of the water as moving slowly with the large pectoral fins unfold wide.


Oceanic whitetip sharks area unit typically amid remoras, dolphin fishes, and pilot fishes. associate degree uncommon behavior of the oceanic whitetip shark is its association with the shortfin common blackfish (Globicephala macrorhynchus) in Hawaiian waters as according by Jeremy Stafford-Deitsch (1988). they're typically discovered swimming in conjunction with pods of pilot whales. though the explanation for such behavior is unknown, it's suspected to be food-related. Pilot whales area unit economical at locating squid upon that the oceanic whitetip sharks additionally feed.