Tui Bird






Is a passerine bird endemic to New Zealand. It is one of the largest members of the family eat honey diverse. The name comes from the name of Toi Toi Maori language. Combination is tuis, or use just Maori, it seems at first glance looks like a bird completely black except for a small tuft of white feathers in a small spot on a white wing


                 
    Tui ( prosthemadera novaeseelandiae) are endemic “native and unique” to New Zealand. They are found on the three main islands and belong to the honey eater family
    Tui are a fully protected in New Zealand
    The name Tui is derived from the Maori language with the plural being simply tui
    Europeans who first colonised New Zealand called it the Parson Bird due to the tufts of white feathers on its neck that resembled a parson’s clerical collar
    Tui contribute a valuable role in the pollination of many native plants and trees
    Courtship takes place between September and October and the breeding season runs from November to January with the laying of three to four eggs
    The female constructs the nest from twigs, grasses and moss
    A tui’s diet is mostly made up of nectar fruit and insects
    Some favoured food are native kowhai, puriri, kahikatea, new zealand flax, kaka beak, rewa rewa, rata, pohutukawa and other introduced trees such as strawberry tree, banksia, flowering cherries and bottle-brushes
    Male tui can be very aggressive and will chase other birds including the much larger native wood pigeon or kereru , bell birds, stitch birds, other tui and silver-eyes
    Tui are often seen on their own, in pairs or small groups. Large numbers will congregate around a plentiful food source
    Tui have a reputation for being raucous and noisy as well as having a very unusual and distinctive call. Some notes are so high that they are not audible to the human ear whilst others are made up of whistles, groans, crackles, creaks, chuckles, chortles and wheezing to name but a few
    Possessing two voice boxes means the tui can perform a wide array of vocalizations and have been known to mimic human speech
    From the time of European settlement tui numbers decreased mainly due to the destruction of their habitat however in more recent times their numbers have increased and they are now considered secure
    Today the main threats to the eggs and young of tui are other birds such as mynas and hawks, possums, feral cats, rats and stoats
    Because the tui is much adored and admired many New Zealanders place food and sugared mix in their gardens to provide a back stop during the winter months